Last month I visited the University of York to hear Lord Adonis give his thoughts on the future of education. It was also an opportunity for him to promote his recent book ‘Education, Education, Education: Reforming England’s Schools’.
Adonis declared his belief in the state as the supreme manifestation of society, that the state should seek to bring about change, for the better. To reform the English education system Adonis focuses on the following key areas.
- Good governance
Comparing governance in the private sector with that of the state, Adonis expressed his belief that governance of state schools has been traditionally weak, particularly in deprived areas where the parent body is not strong. The private sector, in contrast, Adonis believes has traditionally benefitted from good, strong governing bodies. Can we look to the private sector for solutions while maintaining a strong state?
- Good teachers
Unsurprisingly Adonis argued that teachers have to be the best. Increased competition is, apparently what is needed to ensure our teachers are the best. Adonis highlighted the ratios of applicant to teacher training places in Finland, South Korea and Singapore, and compared these with the much lower figures of England. We need, he argued, greater selection for teacher training places, with far more applicants per place. Presumably, he doesn’t mind an increase in disappointed applicants.
Another, related idea is his call for fewer Universities offering teacher training programmes (another model borrowed from Singapore?), with only the ‘best’ Universities being allowed to provide such programmes.
- Good curriculum
Looking at the practice in some of the more elite private schools, Adonis recommended more subject specific teaching from the age of seven.
Beyond aged sixteen Adonis argued the UK has the ‘narrowest curriculum in the Western world’, supporting the IB he looks, again to Singapore and calls for students to take a greater range of subjects over the course of their schooling. For those who are less academic, he proposed the idea of a Tech Bacc with requirements to study literacy, numeracy and work experience.
- Good destinations
There needs to be good destinations for all, not just those that are academic. Highlighting a need for more apprenticeships, he argued that the Government should lead on providing apprenticeships. See his blog post: Wanted – An apprentice scheme for Whitehall.
While claiming half our comprehensive schools failed, Adonis continued to refer to the need to ensure we have “all ability schools”, which, surely means, comprehensive.
Although inequalities were mentioned on several occasions, I was not convinced that the ‘Class Wars’ in the title of his talk referred more to social class wars than it did to classroom wars. Education reform was presented as a means to social mobility and less inequality, yet previous education reforms have done little to make ours a more equal society.
There were some interesting suggestions that are hard to disagree with (raising the status of teaching for instance – though what this actually means is more complex) and some that I am not convinced of. Whether any of his suggestions will come to fruition and, if they do, whether they will truly reform education as Adonis hope is another question. Without tackling inequality I envisage a future generation of University of York students listening to a speech about the failure of Adonis’ “all ability schools”.